For do-it-yourselfers, the preferred method is the floating floor installation, which uses no glue or nails. Easiklip has over 10 years of experience, specializing in solid oak flooring for DIY projects. Otherwise, you’ll need to level it. Other meters can measure relative humidity in the slab. Let them sit at least 4-5 days to absorb the ambient humidity and temperature. How Much Dimensional Change Should You Expect? We also supply residential and commercial construction projects in the U.S., Canada, Europe and Asia. A subfloor allows you to nail or screw into the wood instead of concrete. A concrete floor is uninviting, cold, dingy, and looks like an unfinished warehouse. Concrete is porous in nature and the water vapour from the ground below may get trapped under the wood flooring and cause moulds to grow. If you have some experience with installing flooring or are DIY hobbyist, it shouldn't take you more than a day to install vinyl plank flooring on concrete. Successful installation also requires conducting a concrete slab moisture test before parquet installation. Some engineered wood flooring products are designed for a glue-down application when installing flooring over a concrete slab. Layers of asphalt felt with asphalt mastic or 6 mil polyethylene sheathing are some of the choices. A floating installation is not secure enough for stairs, and flooring coming loose might lead to falls. Vapor Retarder When we talk about a “floating” floor, it means that the hardwood floor is not permanently attached to the subfloor. 2. Underlayments can combine water barrier protection and noise reduction. Moisture can pose problems for solid hardwood floors below ground level, so engineered wood floors (made of layers of wood glued together) are the best choice there. Grind off any high spots and fill any low spots. However, concrete is compatible with all floors. Installing floors is a difficult DIY job. For systems other than radiant heat, the plywood planks may be glued to the plastic with asphalt mastic. Most manufacturers advise against installing hardwood flooring over concrete for two reasons, moisture levels in concrete and the difficulty of attaching directly to concrete. Subfloor must be: CLEAN – Scraped or sanded, swept, free of wax, grease, paint, oil or other debris. Allow to set for two hours. Put the flooring, still packaged, into the room where it will be installed. When installing your flooring in the tongue and groove style, you’ll need to use a floor nailing gun and nail every 8″ – 10″. Padding can be used with most floating laminate floor installation. Thank you for your support. You won't know how much it's going to cost until you ask! Solid flooring may be installed directly to the slab. You don’t want to try and glue it down either. If you see signs of moisture or condensation on any of the plastic, you likely have a problem, but you can never be sure how big, or what it is, or exactly how much moisture there is. The type of subfloor can determine how you’ll install the floor. Acclimate the flooring by placing the boxes of Easiklip horizontally in the location they are going to be installed. Wood needs to move as the humidity increases and decreases throughout the year. This sounds fairly tedious, but if you don’t properly prepare your concrete subfloor, it could lead to problems later on. The only tools you’ll need are a tape measure, N IOSH-designated dust mask, some 1/2 in (15mm) wedges, a broom, a hand saw, and eye protection. If an installer nails the engineered floor too close to the edge, it can crack the board causing dangerous splinters lurking underfoot that can be up to 3 inches long in some cases. Over this, apply a second similar coating of mastic and roll out a second layer of asphalt or paper in the same direction as the first, staggering the overlaps to achieve an even thickness. A vapor retarder is always required over the concrete slab and below the subflooring material. hardwood flooring in basement over concrete, This video demonstrates a cost-effective method, underlayment on concrete floor in basement, Bob Villa watches some pros install solid hardwood to a concrete floor at grade, install 860 square feet of floor in only 10 hours, Underlayment on concrete floor in basement. Engineered wood floors are easy to install and resistant to moisture, making them a great alternative to traditional hardwood floors. Ask your flooring professional what he or she uses. plywood to the concrete. It lays directly on top of the waterproof barrier, or combination of barrier and underlayment, to help cushion and insulate. Nail the 3/4-in. The best way for any DIYer to install a hardwood floor is to use clips. Easiklip is a floating floor, you just need an underlayment on concrete floor in basement. A minimum 6 mil construction grade polyethylene film, with perm of .13 or other impermeable material with a perm of .15 or less is recommended. ft. per gallon). You will lay the flooring lengthwise to this wall. Many of today’s modern hardwood floors and engineered floors are floating. Watch as Jack explains what's involved in floating installation of engineered hardwood flooring. Polyethylene: Cover the entire slab with 4 to 6 mil polyethylene film, overlapping the edges 4" to 6", and allowing enough film to extend under the baseboard on all sides. A better solution is laying a floating floor. wood floor over concrete than over a wood subfloor. However, you can still get the same look like solid wood by using engineered flooring. This high-quality, high-performance flooring solution offers improved stability compared with standard solid wood flooring, making it a great choice for the basement and other spaces that commonly feature concrete floors or high humidity environments. If you’re moving into a brand-new home or you just poured the concrete slab, the concrete needs to cure before you can install hardwood flooring over it. The flooring should be removed from its boxes and all packing materials during this process. Subfloors Easiklip is solid hardwood which means it’s safe for your children’s bedroom and durable enough for basement installations. You’ll find concrete floors in almost every home. In winter, heating should be maintained near occupancy levels at least five days before the flooring is delivered and maintained from that point on. Finishing a wood floor in the home takes experience, time, and the right equipment to make the floor look good. Shaw's engineered products are made with either a plywood core or a high-density fiberboard core. Once you know the slab is level and dry, and you have a moisture barrier in place, it’s time to look at basement subfloor options and how you’ll install your new hardwood floor. To help you plan a nailed down installation in advance, Red rosin paper can be laid down and stapled on top of the sub-floor; points can be chosen for the baseline and marked onto this paper. Fill in this QUICK QUOTE form and one of our friendly staff will get you a quote asap! One very accurate testing method is to use the Wagner Rapid R.H. meter, as shown in this video: Most flooring manufacturers say you should not install hardwood over concrete if the tests show the moisture emission rate is over 3 pounds. Experts agree, American Hardwood sells! Solid hardwood floors are just that, solid wood. If you plan on attaching the floor directly to concrete (not recommended), you’ll need to drill holes through the wood and into the concrete. If the concrete is below grade, bring the plastic at least 4" (10cm) up the wall. For any flooring 3” or wider the difference should be within 2% mc. Position yourself in a way that allows you … We’ll tell you who it is in a moment. Note: When installing engineered hardwood floors over radiant heated subfloors, turn the heat off for 24 hours before, during and after installation. This will prevent any excess moisture from wicking from the concrete directly into the wood. AcclimationWhen the site is prepared, the flooring can be delivered and stored in each room where it will be installed. Some manufacturers allow direct glue installation of 3/4" solid parquet flooring. Here are the basics of installing an engineered hardwood floor. The quickest way to get new wood underfoot is to install a floating floor. This leads us to another significant consideration for laying hardwood flooring in basement over concrete. Although Easiklip is the easiest hardwood floor to install over concrete, there are three things you must do before laying floating floor. Many homeowners immediately discount the idea in favor of more moisture-resistant floor covering options like tile, vinyl, and concrete. You can even spruce them up by sanding any paint of… Prepare Flooring Layout. Hardwood Finishes More Eco-Friendly than Ever, Eliminating Finish Blotches on Maple and Cherry, The Confident Choice for Eco-conscious Specifiers, American Hardwoods: Renewable, Abundant and Sustainable, American Hardwoods: The Natural, Eco-Friendly Choice, Kauffman Center for the Performing Arts (Red Oak), Fixing Cracks and Squeaks in Hardwood Floors, Installing a Hardwood Floor Over a Concrete Slab, How to Install Hardwood Floors Over Radiant Heat, How to Apply Specialty Finishes for Hardwood Trim, Trend Alert: Wood Planks Warm up Ceilings and Walls, From modest to magnificent: Create an entertainment space for any home. They may be natural or stained and have a clear protective finish. Lay a 2x4 board down when the concrete has dried to ensure you have addressed all of the issues. Unfortunately, there are some types of subfloors that make installing traditional hardwood difficult, or even impossible. Solid wood flooring needs to be left for at least 7 days. Do you know how to install hardwood flooring on concrete slab regardless whether your floor is on the second floor, at ground level or in the basement? You can do one or two rooms in a day and have a party on them that night. When it comes to installing a floating, solid hardwood floor in your basement, Easiklip should be your first choice. Here is a video showing the process. Instead, the planks are either glued or snapped together. The installation of hardwood floors on concrete offers several types of applications. 1. The adhesive manufacturer should have instructions regarding specific trowel requirements. With dry concrete and the right subfloors and vapor retarders, solid hardwood floors can be installed on slabs that are either on-grade (at ground level) or above-grade (above ground level). In that case, a floor will be strong, steady and durable. Pass the trowel through the glue at a 45-degree angle and install hardwood flooring immediately after the … Concrete is very porous like a sponge. Most strip and plank flooring is milled with tongue-and-groove edges so boards will fit together, but some planks are flat-edged for a more rustic look. Avoid bunching or puncturing the film, especially between sleepers. You may not need to build a plywood subfloor on top of the concrete slab, depending on the floor system you choose. The patented aluminum clips make Easiklip quick and easy to install. You save time and the expense of building a wood subfloor. Even old slabs will continuously wick moisture up from the ground. You only have 30 minutes before the glue sets and becomes too hard to use. The National Wood Flooring Association recommends two choices in sub-flooring systems for concrete installations: plywood-on-slab and sleeper. Floating wood flooring can provide you with a simple installation and a beautiful floor at the same time. You need to fill any large cracks and be sure that the entire floor is level. Next, embed the sleepers on their flat faces in rivers of hot (poured) or cold (cut-back) asphalt mastic, in rows 6-7” on center, at a right angle to the direction of the finished flooring. Here is a short video to show you how to level a concrete floor. Wood floor over concrete details. Read manufacturer’s directions before installation to maintain warranty coverage. You  do this in three to four areas around the slab. Step By Step Guide To Install Hardwood Over Concrete Step 1 - Remove the Old Flooring. Tongue and Groove Installation for Hardwood Flooring. You have two basement wood flooring options, solid hardwood or engineered. The slab must be flat with a trowel finish, free of grease, oil, stains and dust. It won’t last. Begin by covering the slab with a vapor retarder. Even if your home was built on a concrete slab, you can still enjoy the beauty and charm of hardwood floors. Have you ever wondered why solid hardwood is a better choice for your basement wood flooring options? Feel the quality for yourself by ordering a free Easiklip sample pack. /1000 sq. However, the information applies to installing hardwood over concrete at any level. This will likely involve also pulling the padding, nails, and tack strips. Interlocking for floating installation. With proper maintenance and refurbishment every 5 to 10 years, your floor should last at least 50-70 years. The steps in this guide on how to install vinyl plank flooring on concrete are quite easy to follow. If you are going to glue your hardwood directly to the concrete, you need to know what you’re doing and work fast. During the curing process, there is excess moisture still evaporating from the concrete that can ruin the floor if you install it too early. How To Install Click Lock Engineered Hardwood Flooring - Easy Home Renovation Project For Beginners! How to Install Floating Engineered Hardwood Floor Because of its construction, engineered hardwood brings with it a number of advantages including quick installation. Laminate flooring is also fairly easy to install. Asphalt felt or building paper: first, prime the slab and apply cold, cut-back asphalt mastic with a notched trowel (50 sq. It rests or floats on top, held in place by the weight of the floor itself. It’s the first solid hardwood floating floor in North America that merely clips together. b. Installing a floating engineered hardwood floor works well at any grade level and over most types of subfloor surfaces. Lay the straight board on the floor and place a level on top. Open the end of each box and remove the protective layer of shrink-wrapping inside the boxes. There are many options for building a plywood or OSB subfloor. Keeping hardwood floors looking beautiful is easier than you think. Over the last twenty years newer forms have all but replaced the older, more dated sleeper on slab system. You should have no more than a 3/16” slope in a 10-foot radius or less than 1/8” inside a 6-foot radius. Includes planning, equipment and material acquisition, area preparation and protection, setup and cleanup. Quantity includes typical waste overage, material for repair and local delivery. If the wood can’t expand sideways, it will twist warp or cup as it absorbs moisture. Have your flooring delivered in plenty of time before installation. Hardwoods provide style and elegance that adapts easily to any interior design whether modern, contemporary or country. Lay 4 to 6 mil polyethylene film over the slab, overlapping the edges 4 to 6". A floating engineered wood flooring installation on concrete can be an excellent choice if your subfloor is below grade. Hardwood floors have been in high demand lately. Tongue and Groove Installation for Hardwood Flooring. These two ways are glue-down or floating. We caution against the Plastic Sheet Method for testing moisture levels in your concrete slab. To learn about our products’ standards and warranties, send us an email or call 1-800-832-9023, Mon-Fri 8 a.m. - 6 p.m. CST. Another issue is improper installation. If you’re careful while removing the baseboards, you should be able to reuse them. Determine your starting wall. Actually, the floor must be flat, which allows for minor variations in the level. It adds a lot of extra time and effort. You can fix it to concrete, to the floor joists or to an existing timber floor. The planks go down fast, over virtually any material—concrete, plywood, sheet vinyl, even ceramic tile. The surface can’t be slick, heavily troweled or burnished. Some of these reasons are: Hardwood Type – There is no way to install standard 3/4″ hardwood on concrete. Additionally, you’ll need to apply the below adhesive to secure your flooring successfully. Using a professional installer will ensure that the job is done correctly. You’ll want to install an underlayment on concrete floor in basement. A floating hardwood floor underlayment acts as a slight cushion that reduces noise and provides some insulation. Some meters measure results in pounds of water per 1,000 square feet of the floor during a 24-hour period. asphalt felt or building paper, lapping the edges 4" and butting the ends. It simply means above the ground, at ground level or below ground, or the basement. If you don't have all the tools or you want to be 100% sure you don't waste any material, invite a friend over to help you. Please note: comments must be approved before they are published. No fasteners penetrate the retarder or the concrete. They can add up to two inches in a basement that may already have a low ceiling. Plywood on slab There are other moisture barrier options. ft. per gallon). Use a flexible wood to concrete adhesives such as Laybond or Soudal Polymer. There are two ways you can have engineered hardwood flooring installed on your concrete. We recommend using an acrylic or urethane wood adhesive, such as Bostik Pro-Cure or East Bay Clipper. The reason why is because there are many tricky things you’ll need to consider. Then the engineered wood planks can be laid into the adhesive and locked together at their tongue-and-groove joints. wood planks to the plywood. It takes 6 to 8 weeks for concrete to cure, depending on climate and the concrete mixture. Prepare the Room Concrete slabs must be clean and dry — less than 3 lbs. There is no waiting time because the floors come pre-finished and there is no glue to dry. For people that have concrete basements or subfloors, like slab houses, traditional solid hardwood will not work. Then, use a level to find any spots where the ground is uneven and apply concrete self-leveling compound to even it out. With Easiklip, “No Nails, No Glue, No Fuss.”. The installation process is slightly different for each, but by following the correct steps it can be done without any problems. Instead, cut the plywood into 2' by 8' planks and score the backs 3/8" deep on a 12" grid. Before delivery to the site, the building should be closed-in with outside windows and doors in place. ft. / 24 hours per CCTM. Installing Laminate Flooring on Concrete Steps. However, you can still get the same look like solid wood by using engineered flooring. But what if you’re set on having a solid hardwood floor in the basement? Dry Slab The low spots need to be filled in with a mix of fresh concrete before installing flooring on uneven subfloor. How Much Moisture Is In Your Concrete Floor? Determining moisture content of both the wood flooring and the subfloor is an important part of quality control in the flooring installation process. Lay down a moisture barrier. Blind nail wood flooring. Check out this case study of a DIY hardwood installation with costs, timeline and list of materials: Once you’ve made up your mind about installing a hardwood floor over your concrete slab, you need to put some thought into it. Do you want to know how much it REALLY costs to install hardwood? Cut plywood to fit within 1/8" near door jambs and other obstructions where finish trim will not be used. Lay down a moisture barrier. Hardwood floors are durable, low maintenance and easy to clean. This article will focus on basement installations. If your current subfloor is concrete, you will only be able to install engineered flooring, not solid hardwood. Solid parquet should not be installed below grade. Concrete slab- Engineered Click Wood Flooring products can be installed on all grade levels. ), Use a notched edge trowel when a correct mastic thickness is specified.Gluing Solid Parquet Flooring Directly to a Concrete Slab. Before you run out and order a hardwood floor, there are several items you need know. Gluing floor is not a job for an inexperienced DIYer. How to Install an Engineered Hardwood Floor . Also, it is important to take time and prepare well before you start assembling. At or Above Grade Now with advancements in adhesive and manufacturing technology, floating floors and engineered wood floors glued direct to concrete have become viable alternatives. No Fuss No Muss Installation That Lasts a Lifetime. Engineered hardwood can be installed on concrete using the glue-down installation method. Why Choose Easiklip For Your Basement Hardwood Floor? Lay the section on the concrete slab and use moisture-resistant tape to tape all four sides to the floor. Install the plywood after the vapor retarder is in place. Hardwood flooring and concrete are two different types of materials used for floors, and each have their own unique characteristics. It’s also a great option if you choose to incorporate a radiant heat system. These gaps are best created using spacers which are available in solid wood flooring installation kits and the unsightly spaces are easily covered with skirting or door profiles. A subfloor is the floor surface directly under the hardwood floor. This will likely involve also pulling the padding, nails, and tack strips. Value: In an article by the National Wood Flooring Association, they state, “A survey of real estate agents in the US revealed: Many real estate professionals reveal that properties with wood floors sell faster, and for more money than properties without wood floors. For best results, several areas of each room should be tested for excess moisture. 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