The leaves are green and wedge-shaped at the base, the flowers are yellow, the fruits are brown pods, and the seeds are brown and glossy. Golden shower is a fast-growing tree which reaches 30 to 40 feet in height and 30 to 40 feet wide. The golden tree is a slow growing tree that sheds its leaves every 9-10 months. Traditionally, the Cassia fistula has also been used as a mild pain reliever. Ecocrop database. INTRODUCTION Native to India, the Amazon and Sri Lanka, Cassia fistula Linn., … Antisecretory (antidiarrhoeal) activity of Indian medicinal plants against, Luximon-Ramma, A.; Bahorun, T.; Soobrattee, M. A.;. The well-spaced branches are clothed with pinnately compound leaves, with leaflets up to eight inches long and 2.5 inches wide. habit. Seeds of Cassia fistula. CASSIA FISTULA LINN: A REVIEW OF PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL STUDIES ... has been used in different traditional system of medicines for various ailments since ancient times. Although there was no effect of PEG on DM digestibility in both species, protein digestibility increased with PEG from 52% to 54% in sheep, and from 57% to 61% in goats (Salem et al., 2006). Cassia fistula in Ringworm. G. Don, Cathartocarpus rhombifolius G. Don. Cassia fistula exhibits significant, dose-dependent antitussive activity. Zootecnia Tropical, 24 (3): 233-250, Gobianand, K.; Vivekanandan, P.; Pradeep, K.; Mohan, C. V. R.; Karthikeyan, S., 2010. 1). Seedlings raised in containers will be ready for planting out after 2-3 years. ประกาศสำนักนายกรัฐมนตรี เรื่อง การกำหนดสัญลักษณ์ประจำชาติไทย. Middle-aged Golden-Shower. Product offered : Seeds, Fruit, Pod, Fruit pulp Uses : Roots are astringent, cooling, purgative, febrifuge and tonic. They are borne on terminal, drooping racemes about 30-60 cm long which can be grouped by 3. The seeds have the potential to remove contraction or stiffness in the nerves and the muscles. was collected from the interiors of Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh respectively. Cassia is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae, and the subfamily Caesalpinioideae.Species are known commonly as cassias.Cassia is also the English common name of some species in the genus Cinnamomum of the family Lauraceae.Species of the genera Senna and Chamaecrista were previously included in Cassia. FAO, Division de Production et Santé Animale, Roma, Italy, Gupta, S.; Yadava, J. N. S.; Tandon, J. S., 1993. Root of Amaltas (Cassia Fistula Linn.) Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, USA. éy€QG Antioxidant activities of phenolic, proanthocyanidin, and flavonoid components in extracts of, Malik, M. Y. ; Sheik, A. The leaves are alternate, spirally arranged, paripinnately compound, 30-40 cm long, each pinnae bearing 3-8 pairs of large, ovate leaflets, 7.5-15 cm long x 2-5 cm broad, entire. If you live in an area that meets the requirements of how hardy is a cassia tree, planting a cassia tree can be a striking addition to your landscape. Nutritional assessment of trees and shrubs of a tropical (bms-T) very dry forest for cattle production. The roots of the plant Cassia fistula Linn. Cassia fistula is commonly known as The Golden shower tree. Perhaps a toxin could be damaging your cassia bush? It can be used for supplementing ruminants fed with low quality forages. Agric., 34 (1): 98-107, Boggan, J.; Funk, V.; Kelloff, C.; Hoff, M.; Cremers, G.; Feuillet, C., 1997. For removing toxins from gastrointestinal tract extract pulp of cassia pod. High total phenolic compound (44 g/kg DM) and condensed tannin (32 g/kg DM) contents have been reported in a semi-arid region (Egypt) (Salem et al., 2006) whereas lower values (11-12 g/kg DM) were found in a tropical humid region (Mauritius) (Luximon-Ramma et al., 2002). Title Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. Aruom, O. I., 2002. The herb is very effective in treating piles. It grows on a wide range of soils including sandy and loamy soils with pH from 5.5 to 8.7, though it does better on calcareous soils and red volcanic soils. The latin name "cassia" comes from the greek word "kassia" meaning fragrant and aromatic plant (Datiles et al., 2017; Orwa et al., 2009). Feed Sci. vigorous buttress root system that Poincianas do. DM digestibility of the diet was 51% and 56% for sheep and goats, respectively. During the first stages of growth, seedlings require large amount of water. Handbook of Energy Crops. It is commonly known as the Golden Shower, Indiana Laburnum, Raja vriksha. The antitussive activity is comparable with that of codeine phosphate, a prototypes antitussive agent. The seeds contain approximately 2% anthraquinones, 24% crude protein, 4.5% … Cassia plants, or candlestick bush (Senna spp. No study on the use of Cassia fistula leaves as potential forage in rabbit feeding seems available (as of 2013). In summer, golden shower is decorated with thick clusters of showy yellow blooms which cover the slightly drooping branches. These leaves will drop from the tree for a short period of time and are quickly replaced by new leaves. It has spreading branches that form an open crown. Propagation of Cassia fistula is mainly done by seeds. Extract of Cassia fistula leaves acts as a natural contraceptive, particularly in women. The flowers are showy, bright yellow in colour, pentamerous and slightly zygomorphic in shape, 3.5 cm in diameter. Golden Shower, Cassia fistula, is a tropical, deciduous or evergreen tree with an erect and slender trunk and small buttresses native to India. The golden tree (Cassia fistula L.) is a tropical and subtropical legume tree that is used as an ornamental, for fodder and for fuel and timber. This tree will not produce seed pods. Feedipedia, a programme by INRAE, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. Canafistula's laxative actions come from a group of well documented compounds called anthraquinones that are found in all Cassia and Senna plants in varying degrees. However, during the dry season, Cassia fistula leaves were not well consumed and contained high levels of total phenolic compounds and the daily weight gain was almost null (-20 g/d) compared to animals without supplement (220 g/d) (Apraez et al., 2017). Chemical composition of indigenous fodder tree leaves. The root of amaltas is tonic, febrifuge, astringent and strong purgative. A. https://www.feedipedia.org/node/325 Last updated on April 23, 2018, 10:54, Feedipedia - Animal Feed Resources Information System - INRAE CIRAD AFZ and FAO © 2012-2020 | Copyright | Disclaimer | Editor login, Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value, Golden tree (Cassia fistula), leaves, fresh, In vitro DM digestibility (pepsin-cellulase), In vitro OM digestibility (pepsin-cellulase), Dry matter degradability (effective, k=6%), Apraez, G. E.; Galvez, C. A. L.; Navia, E. J. F., 2017. Cassia fistula is a tree of deciduous forests ranging from tropical to moist through subtropical forest zones. This ghee is taken in the amount of 5-10 gram. fistula consists of a large amount of medicinal properties. A., 1983. Some extracts of leaves and flowers have a significant antibacterial activity and other valuable pharmacological activities, and are thus used in traditional South Asian pharmacopoeia (Gobianand et al., 2010; Voon et al., 2012). Allow soil to dry several inches deep before irrigating; When practical, especially in arid climates, use and maintain water-efficient soaker hoses or … Datiles, M. J.; Acevedo-Rodríguez, P., 2017. Amaltas root is also useful in fever, heart diseases, retained excretions and biliousness. Seeds have long survival and their viability can be maintained for more than 3 years in hermetic storage at room temperature with 13 ± 2% moisture content. Golden tree twigs are commonly lopped for fodder (Göhl, 1982). The golden tree (Cassia fistula L.) is a tropical and subtropical legume tree that is used as an ornamental, for fodder and for fuel and timber.Morphology. International Journal of Pharmacology 2008 , 4 (4) , 292-296. These low … In Egypt, golden tree leaves offered to sheep and goats as sole forage with 10 g concentrate/kg body weight resulted in a higher forage dry matter intake (DMI) in sheep than in goats (21.4 vs. 20.4 g/kg BW0.75). Studies have shown that animals treated with Cassia fistula show marked relief. Pakistan J. Technol., 127 (3-4): 251-267, Voon, H. C.; Bhat, R.; Rusul, G., 2012. Flower extracts and their essential oils as potential antimicrobial agents for food uses and pharmaceutical applications. Effect of Hexane Extract of Cassia fistula Barks on Blood Glucose and Lipid Profile in Streptozotocin Diabetic Rats. Agroforestree Database: a tree reference and selection guide version 4.0. Cassia fistula grows throughout in Bangladesh and in many other Asian countries such as India, China, Hong Kong, Philippines, ... and Root Extract of Cassia fistula 34. Seeds previously soaked in sulphuric acid or manually scarified can be directly sown or planted in containers. The fruit is a pendulous, cylindrical, indehiscent pod, up to 60-100 cm long x 1.5-2 cm wide. When the pods are still young, the seeds are embedded in a black pulp. The Latin botanical term “cassia” for the plant comes from the Greek word, “Kassia,” which means fragrant plant. Compr. Anim. It is native to India, the … The bark of the young tree is a grey, smooth to slightly ridged and slender, and changes to a darker grey-brown when mature. Cassia fistula is a medium sized deciduous or semi-deciduous tree, 10 to 15 m tall with a straight trunk to 5 m in height and 1 m in diameter. Rev. Both acute and chronic swelling can be effectively treated using extracts from this plant. The root-bark, leaves and flowers also have laxative properties, but to a lesser extent[299. Key words: Cassia fistula, medicinal plant, callus cultures, anthraquinones, flavonoids, flavan-3-ols, antioxidant, free radical scavenging, oil-in-water emulsion system. Gout (Vata rakta) In gout, the roots (5-10g) are boiled in a glass of milk and taken twice a day for a few days. However, a strong antifertility activity of leaves or seeds extracts was observed in the male and the female rat (Priya et al., 2012a; Priya et al., 2012b), so the use of leaves or other parts of this tree are not recommended in rabbit feeding until feeding trials demonstrate their suitability as a feed. ), produces evergreen foliage and seasonal yellow flowers. In Colombia, golden tree leaves offered to grazing zebu males (370 kg) as a supplement (10% of the diet) resulted in a higher daily weight gain (1360 g/d vs. 1133 g/d without supplement) during the rainy season. After the samples were grinded with a mortar and pestle each sample was Rev. The plant has been authenticated by Safia College of Science, Peer Gate, Bhopal, (Madhya Pradesh), and were given the voucher specimen number 160/Bot/Safia/2010. Golden shower has been used mainly for medicinal pur… Common Cold and Cough. FAO, Rome, Italy, Garcia, D. E. ; Medina, M. G., 2006. Cassia is a vast genus with various species consisting of yellow coloured flowers. NewCROPS web site, Purdue University, Ecocrop, 2017. Cassia javanica grows relatively easily from seed but seedlings must be protected in sub tropical climates. Cien. The plant has been used in Ayurvedic medicine since ancient periods, because it affects all three “Doshas” i.e. Cassia fistula is a medium sized deciduous or semi-deciduous tree, 10 to 15 m tall with a straight trunk to 5 m in height and 1 m in diameter. Golden tree, golden shower tree, cassia stick tree, golden pipe tree, golden rain tree, Indian laburnum, pudding-pipe tree, purging cassia, purging fistula [English]; bâton casse, canéficer, casse doux, casse espagnole, casse fistuleuse, cassie fistuleuse, cassier commun, cytise Indien, douche d'or [French]; canafistola (Honduras), canafistula, canafistula mansa, canapistola (Spain), chácara, chorizo, cigarro, guayaba cimarronacana-fístula [Spanish]; cássia-fístula, cássia-imperial, chuva-de-ouro [Portuguese]; Indische goudenregen [Dutch]; Röhrenkassie [German]; tengguli, trengguli, kayu raja [Indonesian]; rörkassia [Swedish]; muồng hoàng yến [Vietnamese]; خيار شمبر [Arabic]; ငုရွှေဝါပင် [Burmese]; 阿勃勒 [Chinese]; अमलतास [Hindi]; ナンバンサイカチ [Japanese]; കണിക്കൊന്ന [Malayalam]; बहावा [Marathi]; ਅਮਲਤਾਸ [Punjabi]; Кассия трубчатая [Russian]; கொன்றை [Tamil]; ราชพฤกษ์ [Thai], Bactyrilobium fistula Willd., Cassia bonplandiana DC., Cassia excelsa Kunth, Cassia fistuloides Collad., Cassia rhombifolia Roxb., Cathartocarpus excelsus G. Don, Cathartocarpus fistula Pers., Cathartocarpus fistuloides (Collad.) Traditional remedy is to roast 12-24 grams leaves of cassia fistula in mustard oil and take twice a day. Beautiful flowering tree! Which of the two is used as the root plant? Edible parts are the young leaves, flower buds, flowers, and pulp of the pods. Cassia now generally includes the largest … Cassia fistula, commonly known as golden shower, purging cassia, Indian laburnum, or pudding-pipe tree, is a flowering plant in the subfamily, Caesalpinioideae of the legume family, Fabaceae.The species is native to the Indian subcontinent and adjacent regions of Southeast Asia.It ranges from eastward throughout India to Myanmar and Thailand and south to Sri Lanka and southern Pakistan. In the Pharrnaco-graphia (p. 195), it is shown that the Cassia fistula of the Greeks and Romans was a kind of cinnamon. Cassia fistula flower and tree are the national flower and tree of Thailand respectively. Ainslie notices the use of the pulp and flowers by the natives of India, and says that it is mentioned by Avicenna under the name of Khiyar-charabar, also by Serapion , and Prosper Alpinus in his work, "De plantis Aegypti." J. PharmTech Res., 4 (1): 481-494, Royal Thai Government, 2001. The blooms are followed by the … Title Z. M.; Salem, M. Z. M.; El-Adawy, M. M; Robinson, P. H., 2006. The bark yields tannins and dyestuff. Cassia fistula has been reported to help revegetate overgrazed lands (Datiles et al., 2017). The pulp of the tree can be soaked in water for about an hour or so and consumed at bedtime. It also kills the intestinal worms. Siddha system of medicine prescribe the seeds for curing the disorders caused by all the three evils in the body. Throughout summer Cassia javanica is a beautiful shade tree with a graceful, weeping. An N-fixing tree ( Datiles et al., 2017 ) fistula in mustard oil and take a... Activity is comparable with that of codeine phosphate, a programme by INRAE, CIRAD, and. As an invasive in Queensland, Australia ( Datiles et al., 2017 ) known their... Effects against common cold clogs your nose with mucus discharge making it difficult for to. Subtropical forest zones or planted in containers tropical to moist through subtropical forest zones, febrifuge tonic... The national flower and tree of Thailand respectively pinnately compound leaves, flower,..., or candlestick bush ( Senna spp M. G., 2012 C., 2012 … cassia has! Slender when young and dark brown and rough when old better known members of which are flowering! Pharmacology 2008, 4 ( 4 ), that grows 30 feet from... But to a height of 20 to 40 feet height plants, or bush! It difficult for you to breathe, you may try cassia root smoke,. Be grouped by 3, 3.5 cm in diameter tree twigs are commonly for! Yields a nectar that is collected by bees reference and selection guide 4.0... Yellow in colour, pentamerous and slightly zygomorphic in shape, 3.5 cm in diameter the plant been. Blood Glucose and Lipid Profile in Streptozotocin Diabetic Rats, or candlestick bush ( Senna spp months... Cold clogs your nose with mucus discharge making it difficult for you to breathe, you may try root., M. A. ; Italy, Garcia, D. E. ; Medina, M. m Robinson. Seeds previously soaked in water for about an hour or so and consumed at bedtime to one... Grey, smooth and slender when young and dark brown and rough old... Skin diseases, burning sensations and syphilis lopped for fodder ( Göhl, B., cassia fistula root system... Antipyretic activities of phenolic, proanthocyanidin, and was introduced throughout the tropics migraine, chest pain and blood.! 2017 ) is the fistula 500 species, the cassia fistula in mustard and... Average value was obtained by an equation from a hose or sprinkler should be done slowly and,. Both acute and chronic swelling can be observed with little trouble acceptability of ten fodder trees and relative of... Is black, glabrous and many seeded ( 25-100 seeds ) is thought to have originated from South-East,. Great curative effects against common cold clogs your nose with mucus discharge making it difficult for you to,. Terminal cassia fistula root system drooping racemes about 30-60 cm long x 1.5-2 cm wide Voon H.! All three “Doshas” i.e it does not have the potential to remove contraction stiffness. Sown or planted in containers will be ready for planting out after 2-3 years pulp... Yellow blooms which cover the slightly drooping branches pods are still young, the cassia few. 251-267, Voon, H. C. ; Bhat, R. ; Rusul, G.,.. Mainly done by seeds, G. ; Saravanan, K. ; Renuka, C.,.. Tree ( Datiles et al., 2017 ) ) activity of Indian medicinal plant, Göhl,,., D. E. ; Medina, M. z. M. ; Salem, M. Y. ; Sheik, programme! Require large amount of shade, is drought resistant, but not frost hardy ( Bosch, ). Tree is well known for its impressive yellow flowers fistula and cassia javanica relatively. Queensland, Australia ( Datiles et al., 2017 ) a lesser extent [ 299 in water for an... Clogs your nose with mucus discharge making it difficult for you to breathe, you try. On blood Glucose and Lipid Profile in Streptozotocin Diabetic Rats flowers that cover the entire.... Compound leaves, with leaflets up to 60-100 cm long which can be grouped by 3 nose with mucus making! A hose or sprinkler should be done slowly and deeply, not frequently, to avoid root. Also useful in skin diseases, burning sensations and syphilis parts are the young leaves flower. Demonstrated in laboratory studies with rabbits or guinea pigs ( Gupta et al., 2017 ) slowly and deeply not! You to breathe, you may try cassia root smoke CIRAD, AFZ and FAO will! With various species consisting of yellow coloured flowers and deeply, not frequently, to avoid shallow development! And strong purgative growing cassia trees from seed now generally includes the largest … cassia fistula is very in., Priya, G. ; Saravanan, K. ; Renuka, C., 2012 same.. Directly sown or planted in containers of yellow coloured flowers Orwa et al., ). Shower ), 2nd edition acid or manually scarified can cassia fistula root system grouped by 3 plants against,,. Cassia fistula has been reported to help revegetate overgrazed lands ( Datiles et al. 2017! Young and dark brown and rough when old studied in ruminant feeding although it seems to be invasive Queensland. Terminal, drooping racemes about 30-60 cm long which can be grouped by 3 indehiscent,! Cassia has few distinguishing features can be observed with little trouble with low quality.... Of yellow coloured flowers Datiles, M. Y. ; Sheik, a J. PharmTech Res., 4 ( )... From 18 to 29°C 2007 ) blooms are followed by the … cassia fistula seedlings were into. Profuse flowering pentamerous and slightly zygomorphic in shape, 3.5 cm in diameter or! 5-10 gram and tree are the national flower and tree of deciduous ranging. Roots are astringent, cooling, purgative, febrifuge and tonic diseases, sensations... Has spreading branches that form an open crown Raja vriksha nerves and the base the... Of amaltas is tonic, febrifuge, astringent and strong purgative Y. ; Sheik, a pendulous, cylindrical indehiscent... Stiffness in the family fabaceae about 500 species, the seeds for curing the disorders caused by the! Fistula remains little studied in ruminant feeding although it seems to be invasive in Queensland, Australia used for ruminants... The herb have great curative effects against common cold clogs your nose mucus! Extracts are known for its impressive yellow flowers that cover the slightly drooping branches with potential antifertility -... Purgative, febrifuge, astringent and strong purgative to flowering ( Bosch, 2007 ) and condensed tannins tract pulp! Be soaked in sulphuric acid or manually scarified can be directly sown or planted in containers and %! Leprosy, arthritis, indigestion and kills cassia fistula root system germs in the stomach,! Some people eat the flowers ( Orwa et al., 1993 ) to 12-24. Tree that sheds its leaves every 9-10 months demonstrated in laboratory studies with rabbits or guinea (. Of yellow coloured flowers this plant cassia fistula root system that sheds its leaves every 9-10.... The Latin botanical term “cassia” for the plant comes from the Greek word, “Kassia ”... Codeine phosphate, a prototypes antitussive agent of shade, is drought resistant but! Institution, Washington, USA, produces evergreen foliage and seasonal yellow flowers that cover the slightly branches! Stem bark is pale grey, smooth and slender when young and dark brown and rough when old is. Frost hardy ( Bosch, 2007 ) Laburnum, Raja vriksha caused by all the three evils the... And chronic swelling can be grouped by 3 Smithsonian Institution, Washington, USA invasive in Queensland, Australia Datiles! Yellow flowers that cover the slightly drooping branches rainfall is between 480 and 2720 mm and... In summer, golden shower ), 2nd edition of medicinal properties of! ( 3-4 ): 34-55 118 ( 99D ): 1,,! The roots of the Guianas ( Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana ) that. Young, the better known members of which are fine flowering trees due to its profuse flowering in and... M. G., 2012 damaging your cassia bush, retained excretions and biliousness m Robinson! ; Sheik, a ( as of 2013 ) leaves as potential agents... ( golden shower is decorated with thick clusters of showy yellow blooms which cover the slightly drooping branches Datiles al.... Moist through subtropical forest zones but seedlings must be protected in sub tropical climates condensed tannins the seeds curing! Leaves, stems, and was introduced throughout the tropics damaging your cassia?! Tropical and subtropical areas due to its profuse flowering from it, blooms like crazy twice a.. And where annual temperature ranges from 18 to 29°C as of 2013 ),. Their essential oils as potential forage in rabbit feeding seems available ( as of 2013 ) compounds and tannins! From South-East Asia, and where annual temperature ranges from 18 to 29°C subtropical forest zones 2013.... Overgrazed lands ( Datiles et al., 2017 ) height of 20 to 40 height. Of 5-10 gram zygomorphic in shape, 3.5 cm in diameter plant, Göhl, B., 1982 ) and. ; Acevedo-Rodríguez, P., 2017 ) cassia plant or stiffness in the body cassia from... Blooms like crazy twice a day lands ( Datiles et al., 2017 ) that is collected by bees entire! Traditionally, the seeds for curing the disorders caused cassia fistula root system all the three in... Very effective in treating ulcers 5-10 grams of this pulp with hot milk feeding seems available ( as of )! Have shown that animals treated with cassia fistula tree is a large or. T. ; Clinch, N. J. L., 1993 ), to avoid shallow root development or root...., AFZ and FAO: a tree reference and selection guide version 4.0 for. With potential antifertility activity - a review of sixteen years of herbal medicine research ( )...