Brewer's Blackbird: Medium-sized blackbird with purple gloss on head and neck and green gloss on body and wings. These birds also have a "crest" on top of their head, which sometimes lays flat. It has a direct flight with rapid wing beats. This page was last edited on 12 July 2019, at 23:49. Sexes are similar. eBird. Forages in trees and bushes. Alternates high soaring arcs and gliding with rapid wing beats. Great Skua: Large, heavy-bodied seabird, prominent white patch in primary feathers. Read More. And birders said, let their be nest boxes. Legs and feet are black. Smaller and slighter in build than other doves, the Turtle Dove may be recognized by its browner color, and the black and white striped patch on the side of its neck, but it is its tail that catches the eye when it flies from the observer; it is wedge shaped, with a dark center and white borders and tips. Herons have been known to choke on prey that is too large.It uses its long legs to wade through shallow water, and spears fish or frogs with its long, sharp bill. Eastern states only. Magnificent Frigatebird: Large black seabird, orange throat patch inflates into a huge bright red-orange balloon when in courtship display. California Gull: This is a medium-sized gull with a white head and underparts, gray wings and black wing tips. Expert swimmer, dives for fish, crustaceans. This is one of three species colloquially known in the United States as the "chickenhawk". As it rises back into flight the fish is turned head forward to reduce drag. They are omnivores, eating buds, leaves, berries, seeds, and insects. In some regions with high Osprey densities, such as Chesapeake Bay, USA, most ospreys do not start breeding until they are five to seven years old, and there may be a shortage of suitable tall structures. The number of individual American Crows is estimated by Birdlife International to be around 31,000,000. Host parents may sometimes notice the cowbird egg. Buff-breasted Sandpiper: This medium-sized sandpiper has a buff wash over the entire body except for the white vent. Juvenile birds are readily identified by the buff fringes to the upperpart plumage, buff tone to the underparts, and streaked crown. Strong direct flight on rapid wing beats. Western Gull. However, it is suspected that the harm to crops is offset by the service the American Crow provides by eating insect pests. The underparts are white; upper tail is black with white outer edges. American Crows do not reach breeding age for at least two years. Wings held downward. Direct and hovering flight with very rapid wing beats. Great Cormorant: Largest North American comorant. Great Skua was split into Great Skua and Brown Skua (not in North American range) by the American Ornithologist Union. Female has gray-brown upperparts, white underparts with brown streaks, and a light to dark salmon colored belly and vent. White overall with black primaries and long pointed wings. The Bobwhite Quail is a member of the group of species known as New World quail. The Ruby-throated Hummingbird is migratory, most individuals spending the winter in Mexico or Central America. Alternates rapid wing beats with glides. Passeriform and charadriiform birds were more reservoir competent (a derivation of viremia data) … There is a general consens… . Feeds on fish by plunge diving and scooping them up with pouch. Head has stark black crown, face, and throat. The breeding habitat is throughout most of eastern North America and southern Canada, in deciduous and pine forests and forest edges, orchards, and gardens. White rump. Eastern Towhee . Wings have two white bars. Townsend's Warbler: Olive-green upperparts, black throat and upper breast. In flight, the head is held close to and aligned with the body by a downward bend in the long neck. Common Murre: Medium seabird with brown-black upperparts, throat, white underparts, and long dark bill. Feeds while wading in shallow water, sweeping its bill back and forth. Legs and feet are pink. Three to six eggs are laid and incubated for 18 days. Adult males have a red cap going from the bill to the nape; females have a red patch on the nape and another above the bill. Head has dark cap and forked white eyebrows. Eats worms, aquatic insects, crustaceans and mollusks. Warblers, with 25 to 30 species, are another matter because of their sheer diversity. or bob-bob-White! Peregrines in mild-winter regions are usually permanent residents, and some birds, especially adult males, will remain on the breeding territory. The crown, face and neck are buff with fine brown streaks. Wings are brown with two white bars. Feeds on fish and squid. White tail with faint brown central strip and dark tip. This is a rare habit in other birds. Ross's Gull: The pink gull of the high Arctic. Legs are pink at all ages. Wilson's Plover: Medium plover, gray-brown upperparts and cap. It is the only entirely red bird in North America. Sips nectar. Black-headed Grosbeak: Large, stocky finch, black-streaked, orange-brown back, black head, wings, tail. The bill is black, the legs are red and the iris is yellow. Eats fish, crustaceans, jellyfish. Black breast, white belly, rufous sides. Light phase adult has pale gray-brown head and underparts. Cinnamon-brown underwings visible in flight. Short, dark brown tail, legs are feathered to the toes. Brown-headed Nuthatch: Medium nuthatch, gray upperparts, brown cap, small, white nape patch, dark eye-line, white face, buff underparts. Wings and tail are gray. Click on the menu at left for more information about your backyard bird … When migrating north, these birds travel in single-sex flocks, and the males usually arrive a few days before the females. Both the male and female take turns sitting on the eggs. Adults are dark gray with a slim, black bill and dark eyes. The bill is dark red. Hovers over prey and dips down. In the wild, Bald Eagles can live about 20-30 years, and have a maximum life span of approximately 50 years. The former, however, has a white rump, and two well-marked black bars on the wing, but the rump of the Stock is grey, and the bars are incomplete. This bird is usually a permanent resident. Undulating, with several rapid wingbeats and a pause. Brown-headed Cowbirds are permanent residents in the southern parts of their range; northern birds migrate to the southern United States and Mexico. Bill is long, slightly decurved. Eared Grebe: This small grebe has black upperparts, dark chestnut-brown flanks and white underparts. Winter bird (shown) has gray upperparts and white underparts. Bill is bright red with black tip. White line divides green speculum and pale blue shoulder patch on wing. Legs and feet are gray. It has a black face, throat and belly and white forehead and crown that extends over the eye, down the back and sides of the neck. Yellow-billed Loon: Large loon, white-spotted black upperparts, white underparts, gray sides with fine white spots. Eye color of the pigeon is generally orange but a few pigeons may have white-grey eyes. Sexes are similar. Rufous Hummingbird: Medium hummingbird, bright rufous-brown overall with white breast and ear patch, red-orange throat, and green shoulders. Its drumming can be very loud, often sounding like someone striking a tree with a hammer. Yellow-orange eye combs. Outside of the nesting season, these birds often gather in large communal roosts at night. More Guides & Resources John James Audubon's Birds of America It also has a slow flight, with its neck retracted. Orange-brown head and neck, and white mark between eye and bill; combination of prominent white rump, white wing bar, and pure white underwings is unique among the godwits. Some species may simply build a new layer over the bottom of the original nest. Dark brown streaked crown, white eyebrow, and dark line through eye. Nape and upper back are chestnut-brown. Soars to great heights. Northern Lapwing: Large, unique plover with black breast, face, crown, and long upright head plumes; back is green-tinged purple and copper. Sexes are similar. Sage Thrasher: Small thrasher, gray upperparts, dark-streaked white underparts with pale brown wash. The Scandinavian race L. a. argentatus is slightly larger and darker, with more white in the wing tips. Wings are dark with two white bars. The New York birds checklist hovers around the five hundred species mark and none other than the Eastern Bluebird wins the title of official state bird. Yellow-green legs. Gray Catbirds destroy the egg by pecking it. Curved neck is often stained with pigments from iron or algae. The front of the face has a white patch and the bill is usually pink-orange. Dark wings with white wing bar. This species usually breeds in colonies, in trees close to lakes or other wetlands; often with other species of herons. Bobs tail and often makes short flights to hawk insects. Orange air sacs on both sides of the neck inflate during courtship display; long feathers on back of neck also raised during displays. Highly acclaimed by critics, Eastern Birds is the perfect companion for nature walks and for pleasurable birdwatching. The Rock Pigeon has a restricted natural resident range in western and southern Europe, North Africa, and into South Asia. The large population, as well as its vast range, are the reasons why the American Crow is considered to be of least concern, meaning that the species is not at immediate risk. Wings are dark with two pale bars. Pale-edged dark brown feathers on upperparts give a scaled appearance; back shows two pale streaks in flight; underparts are white with dark spots on breast and neck. Non-birders often mistakenly identify the Red-bellied Woodpecker as this species. Tail is dark brown with short, gray undertail coverts. Long, thin, upcurved bill. These birds feed mainly on plant material. Swift direct flight on rapidly beating wings. It feeds in shallow water or at the water's edge during both the night and the day, but especially around dawn and dusk. Follows farm tractors and plows. When viewed from below this pattern, owing to the white under tail coverts obscuring the dark bases, is a blackish chevron on a white ground. This period lasts for 25-28 days. They often chip out large and roughly rectangular holes in trees while searching out insects. Dark gray back and nape. There are seven subspecies of this bird, of varying sizes and plumage details, but all are recognizable as Canada Geese. This bird's song is particularly harsh, especially when these birds, in a flock, are calling. Its dark plumage sets it apart from all other North American woodpeckers. Audubon's newly-released Climate Report sounds the alarm for the Scarlet Tanager, Wood Thrush, Ruffed Grouse, and 81 other species that nest in PA! You don't need a lot to get started bird watching; just a good pair of binoculars (guidance under Learn More), a desire to be outdoors and a destination. Forages in low vegetation and on the ground. Legs and feet are gray. Black-billed Magpie: Large, noisy jay, mostly black, with very long tail and dark, stout bill. The flight is labored and slow with dangling legs. Wings are white with black primary and secondary feathers. Fluttering direct flight on shallow wing beats. Fulvous Whistling-Duck: Large, long-legged, long-necked duck with dark brown back and white V-shaped rump patch. They sometimes hover on beating wings and sometimes "kite", or remain stationary above the ground by soaring into the wind. Eastern Towhee. The talons are used for killing and carrying the prey, the beak is used only for eating. Wilson's Phalarope: This medium-sized sandpiper has gray-brown upperparts, red-brown streaks on back and shoulders, red-brown markings on white underparts, gray crown, white face, black eye-line, a black needle-like bill, gray wings and a white tail and rump. Forehead is chestnut-brown and throat and rump are buff. Some of the range maps do not follow this color code, but it is not difficult to decode them. The upperwings are gray with black primaries and white secondaries. This species is a rare but regular vagrant to western Europe. Yellow legs and feet. Some people like to use a checklist/life list of common species they might find around their home so they can keep track of what they have seen or heard. It feeds on small fish, crustaceans and insects. Near the nest, a frenzied cheereek! Your support helps us find solutions for a sustainable planet alive with the beauty of birds–where together humans and wildlife can thrive. Both of those species are extremely rare, if not extinct. They are omnivores, eating insects, fruits, nuts and seeds. Birds of this species have a dark mark along the leading edge of the underwing, between the body and the wrist. Bouyant fluttering flight on shallow wing beats. Feeds on insects, fruits and berries. In some parts of the United States, they are considered to be pests because these flocks can consume large amounts of cultivated grain or rice. Direct flight with graceful, shallow wing beats. They are found in urban, suburban, and rural habitats. Parent birds have been shown to consume up to 4 times as much food when they are feeding young chicks than when laying or incubating eggs. Yellow-brown legs and feet. This species is distinguishable from the Golden Eagle in that the latter has feathers which extend down the legs. Swallow-tailed Kite: The largest of North America kites, has black upperparts which contrast with white head and underparts. Throat is pale gray, belly is pale yellow. They do not make the "eagle scream" as often shown on the television. Gray Catbird. Short flights, alternates rapid wing beats with brief periods of wings pulled to sides. During the months of July and August you can go to one of two information centers run by the Nature Conservancy of Canada about the shorebirds in either Johnson's Mills or Mary's point. If the clutch is successful, chicks are precocial and will leave the nest approximately 24 hours following hatching. Fieldfare: Large, robin-like thrush with rufous back with gray head and rump. When circling overhead, the white under wing of the bird becomes conspicuous. Red-billed Tropicbird: This slender, white, gull-like seabird is the largest tropic bird. The tail is white with dark bars and the legs and feet are dark gray. Females lay two white eggs averaging 12.9 by 8.5 mm. Strong direct flight with shallow wing beats. Tail and rump are black. It feeds on small squid and fish. When breeding where there are no trees, the Bald Eagle will nest on the ground. The ruffs are located on the sides of the neck. The bill is thick, long, and curved downward. Head has a slate-gray hood and bold white eye-ring. Mated pairs form large families of up to 15 individuals from several breeding seasons that remain together for many years. It is a conspicuous species, usually easily seen. Fish and squid make up most of its diet. The species has declined in numbers due to habitat loss caused by harvesting of snags, agricultural development, channeling of rivers, a decline in farming resulting to regeneration of eastern forests, monoculture crops, the loss of small orchards, and treatment of telephone poles with creosote. Among the many residents of woodland habitats are thrushes, vireos, and warblers. The wings are black with a sharp yellow or white line and red spots on secondaries (visible when folded). Baird's Sandpiper: This medium-sized bird has scaled gray-brown upperparts, white underparts and a dark-spotted gray-brown breast. Insects and reptiles make up a relatively small proportion of their diet. The legs are orange. Its flight is bounding and erratic with frequent changes of direction and speed. Golden-crowned Sparrow: Large sparrow, brown-streaked upperparts and plain gray breast. Graceful, bouyant flight. The eyelids are orange and are encapsulated in a grey-white eye ring. Swift direct flight with clipped wing beats. It has a long pink bill with a black tip that is slightly upcurved. Eastern populations have seriously declined since the 1960s. The red-headed woodpecker is listed as a vulnerable species in Canada and as a threatened species in some states in the US. Tail is square. Hood and throat are iridescent red, may appear black or dark purple in low light; broken white eye-ring is usually visible. This guide will help you recognize birds on the wing—it emphasizes their fall and winter plumage patterns as well as size, shape, and flight characteristics.